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    WorldOfIslam.info - Intro
    CONTENTS

      CONTENTS
      Home
      Arabic Alphabet
      Arabic Vowels
      Arabic Pronouns
      Arabic Adjectives & Adverbs
      Arabic Nouns, Feminine and Plural
      Arabic Comparison/ Superlative
      Arabic Prepositions
      Arabic Present Tense
      Arabic Interrogative & Negation
      Vocabulary List
      01 Arabic Adjectives & Adverbs
      02 Names of Animals in Arabic
      03 Body Parts in Arabic
      04 Food names and items of the house in Arabic
      05 School and Occupations in Arabic
      06 Countries and Places in Arabic
      07 Time & Weather in Arabic
      08 English Arabic Words List
      09 Important Arabic Phrases
      10 English Arabic Words List A/B
      11 English Arabic Words List C/D
      12 English Arabic Words List E/F
      BONUS CHAPTERS
      01 Arabic numbers
      02 Arabic Reading
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    Learn Arabic Online / اللغة العربية


    Unlike English Arabic adjectives follow the noun they modify, which is somehow easier, because when you start with the noun first you will easily modify the adjective that comes afterwards accordingly either to its masculine, feminine, dual or plural form.

    Arabic Adjectives & Adverbs

    A small house: baitun sagheer بيت صغير (literally house small).

    Just like Spanish & German , Arabic has masculine and feminine adjective forms, we learned in a previous lesson how to form the feminine from masculine in nouns, same steps will be taken to form feminine adjectives too.

    Lets go over the rule of forming feminine from masculine form, which includes feminine adjectives with some:

    In Arabic to form a feminine adjective from the masculine, you simply add taa marbuta which looks like ((ة, ــة to the end of the adjective for example:

    Arabic Adjectives

    Big: Kabeer كبير  (masculine) Big: kabeera  كبيرة (feminine)

    Small: Sagheer صغير (masculine) Small: sagheera صغيرة (feminine)

    Beautiful: Jameel جميل (masculine) Beautiful: jameela   جميلة(feminine)

    Note that adding the taa marbuta  ة, ــة  is not always the case to form the feminine of a masculine adjective. There are some exceptions to this:

    Colors and most adjectives starting with a أ for example take in most cases a different form, which is represented in this model word (?a??aa), the steps to model our feminine irregular adjective is: extract the consonants from the masculine adjective and place them respectively in the place of the question marks, here are some examples:

    Blue azraq أزرق (masculine) zrq (raw consonants) (?a??aa) raw model zarqaa  زرقاء (after replacing the ??? with the consonants)

    Dumb abkam أبكم (masculine) bkm (raw consonants) (?a??aa) raw model bakmaa بكماء (after replacing the ??? with the consonants)


    Dual Adjectives in Arabic:

    To form a dual masculine adjective in Arabic we simply add aan ان to the end of the adjective, note that you can do that even with adjectives starting with a أ ,

    Big kabeer كبير  (masculine singular) Big   kabeeraan  كبيران (masculine dual)

    Blue azraq أزرق (masculine singular) Blue azraqaan أزرقان (masculine dual)

    To form a dual feminine adjective add ataan تان to the masculine adjective:

    Big kabeer كبير  (masculine singular) Big   kabeerataan  كبيرتان (feminine dual)

    For adjectives starting with a أ the dual feminine will take the ?a??awataan form, by replacing the question marks with our consonants:

    Blue azraq أزرق (masculine singular) Blue zarqawaan زرقاوان (feminine dual) (after replacing the ? of ?a??awataan with azraq consonants)
     

    Plural adjective in Arabic:

    The way to form a plural adjective is the same way you form a plural noun, we already discussed that in a separate page (forming the plural)

    Just remember that the adjective follows the noun, and not the opposite like in English.

    Good: jayyed  جيد

    Bad: sayye  سيء

    This is a list of vocabularies that you need to memorize to improve your Arabic learning, below you will find a table of adjectives and adverbs in Arabic (about 150 words), try to memorize as many as you can, because theyre very important in daily conversations.

    Arabic Adjectives and Adverbs

    able

    qaader

    قادر

    absolutely

    kat'an

    قطعا

    acid

    haamed (sharp H)

    حامض

    active

    nasheet

    نشيط

    angry

    ghazeb

    غاضب

    awake

    mostaiqez

    مستيقظ

    bad

    sayye'

    سيء

    beautiful

    jameel

    جميل

    bent

    matwiy

    مطوي

    best

    al afdal

    الأفضل

    better

    ahsan or afdal

    أحسن, أفضل

    bitter

    morr

    مر

    black

    aswad

    أسود

    blue

    azraq

    أزرق

    boiling

    yaghlee

    يغلي

    bright

    laame'

    لامع

    broken

    maksour

    مكسور

    brown

    bonnee

    بنَي

     

    certain

    mota'akked

    متأكد

    cheap

    rakhees

    رخيص

    cheerful

    mobhej

    مبهج

    clean

    nadeef

    نظيف

    clear

    saafee

    صافي

    clearly

    bewodooh

    بوضوح

    clever

    thaki (th as in that)

    ذكي

    cold

    baared

    بارد

    common

    'aadiy

    عادي

    complete

    kaamel

    كامل

    complex

    mo'aqqad

    معقد

    correctly

    beshakl saheeh

    بشكل صحيح

    cruel

    qaasy

    قاسي

    dark

    mothlem (th as in this)

    مظلم

    dead

    mayyet

    ميَت

    deep

    'ameeq

    عميق

    different

    mokhtalef

    مختلف

    difficult

    sa'b

    صعب

    dirty

    wasekh

    وسخ

    dry

    jaaf

    جاف

    early

    baaker

    باكر

    easily

    besohoulah

    بسهولة

    easy

    sahl

    سهل

    electric

    kahraba'ee

    كهربائي

    equal

    mosawy

    مساوِ

    false,

    ghalat

    غلط

    fat (person)

    badeen

    بدين

    female

    onthaa (th as in thin)

    أنثى

    fertile

    khesb

    خصب

    first

    awwal

    أوَل

    friendly

    lateef

    لَطِيف

    full

    momtale'

    ممتلئ

    general

    'aam

    عام

    good

    jayed

    جيد

    great

    azeem

    عظيم

    greater

    a'zam

    أعظم

    green

    akhdar

    أخضر

    grey

    ramaady

    رمادي

    hanging

    mo'allaq

    معلَق

    happy

    farhaan

    فرحان

    hard (difficult)

    sa'b

    صعب

    hard (stiff)

    salb

    صلب

    healthy

    sehhee

    صحَي

    heavy

    taqeel

    ثقيل

    High

    'aaly

    عال

    ill

    mareed

    مريض

    important

    mohem

    مهم

    kind

    lateef

    لطيف

    large

    waase'

    واسع

    last

    akheer

    أخير

    late

    mota'akhkher

    متأخر

    least

    aqal

    أقل

    left

    yasaar

    يسار

    less

    aqal

    أقل

    light

    khafeef

    خفيف

    little

    qaleel

    قليل

    long

    taweel

    طويل

    loving

    moheb

    محب

    low

    monkhafed

    منخفض

     

    male

    dakar

    ذكر

    married

    motazawwej

    متزوج

    medical

    tebbey

    طبي

    mixed

    mokhtalet

    مختلط

    more

    aktar

    أكثر

    most

    mo'zam

    معظم

    much

    katheer( th as in thin)

    كثير

    narrow

    dayeq

    ضيق

    natural

    tabee'y

    طبيعي

    necessary

    daroory

    ضروري

    new

    jadeed

    جديد

    nice

    jameel

    جميل

    normal

    'aady

    عادي

    old

    qadeem

    قديم

    open

    maftouh

    مفتوح

    polite

    mohazab

    مهذب

    poor

    faqeer

    فَقِير

    possible

    momken

    مكن

    pretty

    jameel

    جميل

    private

    khaas

    خاص

    public

    'omomy

    عمومي

    punctual

    zaqeeq

    دقيق

    quick

    saree'

    سريع

    quiet

    hadee'

    هادئ

    rapidly

    besor'a

    بسرعة

    ready

    mosta'ed

    مستعد

    red

    ahmar

    أحمر

    regular

    'aady

    عادي

    rich

    ghanee

    غني

    right

    yameen

    يمين

    rough

    khashen

    خشن

    round

    mostadeer

    مستدير

    sad

    hazeen

    حزين

    safe

    aamen

    آمن

    same

    momaathel (th as in thin)

    مماثل

    secret

    serry

    سرّي

    sensitive

    hassaas

    حساس

    separate

    monfasel

    منفصل

    serious

    jeddy

    جدي

    sharp

    haad

    حاد

    short

    qaseer

    قصير

    shy

    khajoul

    خجول

    simple

    baseet

    بسيط

    slow

    batee'

    بطئ

    small

    sagheer

    صغير

    soft

    na'em

    ناعم

    sour

    haamed (sharp h)

    حامض

    special

    khaas

    خاص

    strange

    ghareeb

    غريف

    strong

    qawi

    قوي

    sudden

    mofaje'

    مفاجئ

    sweet

    holw

    حلو

    tall

    taweel

    طويل

    the best

    al afdal

    الأفضل

    the greatest

    al a'dam

    الاعظم

    the least

    al aqal

    الأقل

    the worst

    al aswa'

    الأسوأ

    thick

    sameek

    سميك

    thin

    raqeeq

    رقيق

    tired

    ta'baan

    تعبان

    ugly

    qabeeh

    قبيح

    violent

    'aneef

    عنيف

    warm

    dafe'

    دافئ

    weak

    da'eef

    ضعيف

    well

    jayed

    جيد

    wet

    mobtal

    مبتل

    white

    abyad

    أبيض

    wide

    areed

    عريض

    wise

    hakeem

    حكيم

    witty

    Thaki (th as in that)

    ذكي

    worse

    aswa'

    أسوأ

    worst

    alaswa'

    الأسوأ

    wrong

    ghalat

    غلط

    yellow

    asfar

    أصفر

    young

    shaab

    شاب

     


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    (Al-Baqarah, 2:217)

     

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