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    WorldOfIslam.info - Lesson 1
    CONTENTS

      CONTENTS
      Home
      Introduction
      LESSONS
      01 Vowels
      02 Letters: د ر س ن
      03 Letters: م ك ب ت
      04 Letters: س خ ف
      05 Letters: أ ى و ل
      06 Letters: ع ق ز ط
      07 Letters: ص د ح خ ه
      08 Letters: ض غ ظ ث
      BONUS CHAPTERS
      01 Lessons Review
      02 Rules of Tajweed
      OUR WEBSITE
      worldofislam.info
      LEARN ARABIC ONLINE
       

     

    1. Vowels


    As the sacred language of Islam, Arabic is used by Muslims worldwide. It has twenty eight letters.  Arabic Words are written and read in horizontal lines from right to left (note: numbers are written from left to right as in English) .

     

    Note: throughout this lesson you can always listen to how the words are pronounced by clicking on the images within the boxes beside this:

     

    Unlike the Latin alphabet short vowel indicators are not part of the Arabic letter system, instead they are written as marks over or below the consonant.

    An example will make this clear:

    This letter is pronounced *d*

    1. with this mark (called 'Fatha') on the top of it, is pronounced like "da" in "danger" check this out:

       


       

       

    2. with this mark (called 'Dammah') on the top of it, is pronounced like "du" in "duplicate" check this out:


       

       

    3. with this mark (called 'Kasrah') on below it, is pronounced like "di" in "disable" check this out:

       

       

    Another example::

     

    This letter is pronounced *R*

    1. with 'Fatha' on the top of it:

       

       

       

    2. with 'Dammah' on the top of it,:


       

       

       

       


    3. with 'Kasrah' on below it;

       

       

    Summary:

    or Fatha stands for vowel a (and is pronounced like a in hat)

    or Dammah stands for vowel u (and is pronounced like u in pull)

    or Kasrah stands for vowel i (and is pronounced like i in tin)

     

    Long vowels


    There are three long vowels in Arabic:

    1. pronounced  aa
       

    2. pronounced  oo

    3. pronounced  ee

    check this out:

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    Note: When we have a long vowel, we do not need to have the marks on top or below the letter:

     

     

    So far, you did really well. Now let's move to the next lesson.

     

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