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    WorldOfIslam.info - Lesson 2
    CONTENTS

      CONTENTS
      Home
      Introduction
      LESSONS
      01 Vowels
      02 Letters: د ر س ن
      03 Letters: م ك ب ت
      04 Letters: س خ ف
      05 Letters: أ ى و ل
      06 Letters: ع ق ز ط
      07 Letters: ص د ح خ ه
      08 Letters: ض غ ظ ث
      BONUS CHAPTERS
      01 Lessons Review
      02 Rules of Tajweed
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    2. Letters: د ر س ن


    Note: throughout this lesson you can always listen to how the words are pronounced by clicking on the images within the boxes beside this:

     

    In this lesson we will take the four consonants

    'D'=

    'R'=

    'N'=

    'S'= .

     

     

     

    We start with an Example:

    Observation:

    1. The shape of these letters ( and the rest of the alphabets ) changes depending on their position in the word, whether:

       

      • in the beginning of the word (initial);

      • in the middle (medial);

      • or at the end (final).

       

    2. ( N ) and ( S ) change shape in order to connect to the letter following it, they are connective consonents, whereas(D) and (R) are non-connective.

    So let's summarize using this two tables and then move to the practice:

     

    In the case of non-connective letters:

     

     

    Initial

    Medial

    Final

       

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    D

    R

     

    In the case of connective letters:

     

     

    Initial

    Medial

    Final

       

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    N

    S


    Practice:

     

    1) case of D

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector


     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector


     

     

    As you may have noticed the long vowels are written as follows:

     

     

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    aa

    uu

    ii

     

    2) case of R

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:


     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     
    • After a non-connector

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     
    • After a non-connector

     

    The absence of vowels in a word is called Sukun and is transcribed "a small circle" on top of the word


     

     

    3) case of N

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:


     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     
    • After a non-connector

     
     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector


     
    • After a non-connector

     

     

    One last thing to note is that when the long vowel ii is in the middle of the word it is written as follows:

     

     

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    ii

     

    4) case of S

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:


     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     
    • After a non-connector
     
     

    c) at the end of the word:


     
    • After a non-connector

     
     

    Reading exercise:


    Writing exercise:
    Join the letters below as in the following example:


    Summary

    Congratulation ! you have completed the most difficult lesson in this tutorial, and inshaa'Allah the rest of the tutorial will seem very easy.

    we covered two basic things in this lesson:

    1. The shape of the letters changes depending on their position in the word (this includes the long vowels).

    2. The absence of vowel is called sukun.

    This table summarizes how the long vowels are written:

     

     

    Medial

    Final

     

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    aa

    uu

    ii

     

    Send me to lesson three >>

     

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