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    WorldOfIslam.info -Lesson 4
    CONTENTS

      CONTENTS
      Home
      Introduction
      LESSONS
      01 Vowels
      02 Letters: د ر س ن
      03 Letters: م ك ب ت
      04 Letters: س خ ف
      05 Letters: أ ى و ل
      06 Letters: ع ق ز ط
      07 Letters: ص د ح خ ه
      08 Letters: ض غ ظ ث
      BONUS CHAPTERS
      01 Lessons Review
      02 Rules of Tajweed
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    4. Letters: س خ ف


    Note: throughout this lesson you can always listen to how the words are pronounced by clicking on the images within the boxes beside this:

    • This lesson is related to the previous lessons, please refer to them first >>

    In this lesson we will take the shaddah and three consonants :

    'F' =

    'SH'=

    'Kh'= .

    1) Shaddah

     

    Shaddah is not a letter of the alphabet, it is just a mark written above a consonant to indicate that it is stressed twice in the pronunciation of a given word.

     

     

    Note: The fatha or dammah is written above the shadda while the kasrah is written below it or below the consonant:

    'With fatha' =

    'With damma' =

    'With kasrah' = .

    Check this:

     

     

     

    Now we move to today's consonants:

     

     

     

    As we mentioned in the last lessons the letters take different shape based on their position in the word.

     

    Practice:

     

    1) case of

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    2) case of

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    3) case of

    Note: the picture below explains how we pronounce the letter

    It is pronounced from the front of the throat

     

     

     

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    Reading exercise:

     

    Writing exercise
    Join the letters below as in the following example:

     


    Summary

    All the letters are connective (change shape in order to connect to the letter following them).

     

    Shaddah occurs in uttering two consecutive syllables , the first of which ends in a consonant and the second starts with the same consonant.

     

    The following tables summarizes the various forms of the letter in different positions in a given word:


     

    Initial

    Medial

    Final

       

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    F

    SH

    KH

     

    Note: When at the end of the word and after a non connecter, all these letter take the basic shape .

     

    Send me to lesson five >>

     

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