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    WorldOfIslam.info - Lesson 8
    CONTENTS

      CONTENTS
      Home
      Introduction
      LESSONS
      01 Vowels
      02 Letters: د ر س ن
      03 Letters: م ك ب ت
      04 Letters: س خ ف
      05 Letters: أ ى و ل
      06 Letters: ع ق ز ط
      07 Letters: ص د ح خ ه
      08 Letters: ض غ ظ ث
      BONUS CHAPTERS
      01 Lessons Review
      02 Rules of Tajweed
      OUR WEBSITE
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      LEARN ARABIC ONLINE
       

     

    8. Letters: ض غ ظ ث


    Note: throughout this lesson you can always listen to how the words are pronounced by clicking on the images within the boxes beside this:

    • This lesson is related to the previous lessons, please refer to them first >>>

    In today's lesson we will deal with the rest of the alphabet:

     

     

     

    Note:

    • has the sound of , but with the sound is much heavier

    • is similar to but the tongue is tensed

    Practice:

    1) case of :

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    The following example shows the contrast (the difference) between the consonants and :

     

     

     

     

    2) case of :

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    The following example shows the contrast (the difference) between the consonants and :

     

     

     

    3) case of :

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    4) case of :

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    The following example shows the contrast (the difference) between the consonants and :

     

     

     

    Few things before we end this lesson :

     

    1-tanween:

     

    It is a marker on top of the last letter of a noun to indicate that it is indefinite:
    so means "a boy" and means "the boy".

    depending on the position of the word tanween can take one of these forms:

     

    examples:

     

     

     

    2-Alif maqsurah:

    At the end of the word the long vowel aa sometimes is written like this the is called "alif maqsura"

     

    examples:

     

     

     

    let's "compare alif maqsura" to the long vowqel ii:

     

     

     

    Note: in the long vowel ii the vowel of the letter preceding is , but in the case of the long vowel aa the vowel of the letter preceding is .

     

    3-Ta marbuta:

     

    When "t" is at the end of the word it can be written like this and it is called "ta marbuta" that means "closed t".

    Ta marbuta is written in two forms:

    • After a connector

    • After non-connector

    Ta marbuta is used to indicate in most cases the feminine names, adjectives or nouns.

     

    example:

     

     

     

    Here is one Surah from the Holy Quran:


     

     

    Reading exercise:


     

    Writing exercise
    Join the letters below as in the following example:

     


     

    Summary

    The following tables summarizes the various forms of the letter in different positions in a given word:

     

    Initial

    Medial

    Final

     

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

     

    Send me to lesson nine >>

     

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