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    WorldOfIslam.info - Lesson 5
    CONTENTS

      CONTENTS
      Home
      Introduction
      LESSONS
      01 Vowels
      02 Letters: د ر س ن
      03 Letters: م ك ب ت
      04 Letters: س خ ف
      05 Letters: أ ى و ل
      06 Letters: ع ق ز ط
      07 Letters: ص د ح خ ه
      08 Letters: ض غ ظ ث
      BONUS CHAPTERS
      01 Lessons Review
      02 Rules of Tajweed
      OUR WEBSITE
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      LEARN ARABIC ONLINE
       

     

    5. Letters: أ ى و ل


    Note: throughout this lesson you can always listen to how the words are pronounced by clicking on the images within the boxes beside this:

    • This lesson is related to the previous lessons, please refer to them first >>>

    In this lesson we will take four consonants:

    'Hamza'=

    'Waw'=

    'Ya'=

    'L'=

    .

     

     

     

    Note: When hamza is used with kasrah it is written in this way

    • In lesson1 we dealt with and as long vowels, and they didn't carry the markers of the short vowels ( fatha , damma , kasra )

    The following tables summarizes the various forms of the letter in different positions in a given word:

     

     

    Initial

    Medial

    Final

       

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

    After
    non-connecter

    After
    connector

     

     

     

     

     

    Practice:

    1) case of Hamza

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    When preceded by a long vowel or sukun the final hamza (when it is at the end of the word) is written on the line like this :

     

    After Long Vowel

     

     

     

    After Sukun

     

     

     

    2) case of

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

     

     

     

    3) case of

     

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    4) case of

    a) in the beginning of the word:

     

     

     

    b) in the middle of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    c) at the end of the word:

    • After a connector

     

    • After a non-connector

     

     

    Below is how the consonant is written with long vowels:

    Note: the slight change in the appearance with the long vowel aa :

     

     

     

    One last thing in this chapter is the definite article:

    The definite article in Arabic is prefixed to the noun or adjective it modifies.But it is prononced in two different ways:

    1. when it is written as in this word (means: the door),it is prononced "Al" .
      Note the sukun on top of ""

    2. when it is written as in this word (means: the house).
      Note the absence of sukun on top of "" and the shadda on the consonant which follows the definite article, In this case the "" is not prononced.

    These examples will make this clear:

     

    Moon article

     

     

     

    Sun Article

     

     

     

    Reading exercise:

     


     

    Writing exercise
    Join the letters below as in the following example:

     


     

    Summary

    This lesson was a bit long but Congratulation that you've come this far, and remember that after few easy lessons you will master the Arabic alphabet (Inshaa' Allah).

    Among today's consonants only is connector.

    The definite article can be written in two different ways:

    1. : is called moon article and is used with 14 of the alphabets

    2. :is called sun article and is used with the other 14 of the alphabets

    Insha' Allah in lesson 9 we will show when we use the sun article and when we use the moon article.

     

    Send me to lesson six >>

     

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