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    Lesson 7 Part II

    CONTENTS
    Home
    Introduction
    The Basics of Arabic
    Rules of Transliteration
    This is Arabic
    Grammar
    About
    LESSONS
    01 Hello & Goodbye
    02 Counting
    03 Meeting People
    04 In the Hotel
    05 In the Restaurant
    06 Writing Arabic Part I
    07 Writing Arabic Part II
    08 Writing Arabic Part III
    09 Writing Arabic Part IV
    10 My Name is Issam
    10B Word List
    11 Local Coffee Shop
    11b Word List
    12 Fixing Cars
    12b Word List
    13 Cookies
    13b Word List
    14 My Marriage
    14b Word List
    BONUS VOCABULARY
    01 Bonus Vocabulary (A)
    02 Bonus Vocabulary (B)
    03 Bonus Vocabulary (C)
    04 Bonus Vocabulary (D)
    05 Bonus Vocabulary (E)
    OUR WEBSITE:
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    BABEL ARABIC COURSE

     

     

    7. Writing Arabic, part II
     

    Click on Arabic letters to play sound.



    j (jīm)


    h (hā') stressed h- always transliterated in bold


    kh (khā')


    c (cayn)


    gh (ghayn)


    [-at] (tā' marbūta)


    l (lām)

     

    Explanation

    As it would become more and more apparent, most Arabic letters have the same shape as one, two or three others, but that dots are used to separate them. Dots in our days, can never be omitted.


    This lesson introduces altogether 4 sounds that are unfamiliar to most Western languages. These have one common factor, they are heavily stressed. Special attention should be paid to the ayn, as well as to the ghayn. The former is a new sound to most, and calls for special practice,- few Arabic students do this, unfortunately they leave it as a pausal stop.
     

    Ghayn is not difficult to pronounce when standing alone, but can easily disappear when inside a word.


    The t' marbta belongs to a category of itself: It is more a feminine mark, than a letter. In most cases it should not be pronounced, but f.x. when suffixes follow, it is pronounced as a normal t (it is a mixture of the letters h' and t').


    Examples and Grammar
     

    khala'a- to undress.
    ja'ala- become; bring [someone into a state]. Arabic is a very rich language in its vocabulary. This means that expressions can be very clear, or consciously vague. For the student of Arabic, this is a challenge.
    This verb is only one out of many different verbs that carry more or less the same meaning. But do not be scared: Most of the different words are true synonyms in normal use of Arabic.


    ghalla- crops, produce, yield. Here again, note that double consonants always are written with one letter only. This noun has the feminine mark, which is only pronounced (as a t), if there is a suffix following it.
    Very often, when it has nothing to do with human beings, the same noun can indicate two quite different things,- with only the feminine mark as a difference.


    Hajj- greater pilgrimage. This is the word for the most central religious act in Islam,- the pilgrimage to Mecca.


    Hāl- state, situation. Sorry! Here it was again, one letter that is substituted with another. But as you see it was a ww that turned into 'alif, that is one of the long vowels. Normal consonants will only have this thing happening to them, in a very limited number of cases (and you won't need to worry much about that for still a long time).

     

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