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    Lesson 8 Part III

    CONTENTS
    Home
    Introduction
    The Basics of Arabic
    Rules of Transliteration
    This is Arabic
    Grammar
    About
    LESSONS
    01 Hello & Goodbye
    02 Counting
    03 Meeting People
    04 In the Hotel
    05 In the Restaurant
    06 Writing Arabic Part I
    07 Writing Arabic Part II
    08 Writing Arabic Part III
    09 Writing Arabic Part IV
    10 My Name is Issam
    10B Word List
    11 Local Coffee Shop
    11b Word List
    12 Fixing Cars
    12b Word List
    13 Cookies
    13b Word List
    14 My Marriage
    14b Word List
    BONUS VOCABULARY
    01 Bonus Vocabulary (A)
    02 Bonus Vocabulary (B)
    03 Bonus Vocabulary (C)
    04 Bonus Vocabulary (D)
    05 Bonus Vocabulary (E)
    OUR WEBSITE:
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    BABEL ARABIC COURSE

     

     

    8. Writing Arabic, part III
     

    Click on Arabic letters to play sound.


    d (dāl)


    dh (dhāl)


    r (rā')


    z (zāy)


    f (fā')


    q (qāf)


    k (kāf)


    ' (hamza)

    Explanation

    Here comes the largest chunk of Arabic letters that only can be written in two variants: Standing alone, following another letter. None of these allows any subsequent letter to join. This involves that the writer will have to lift his pencil up from the paper, and write that subsequent letter as if it was the first in a word.

    The last letter, the hamza, is not really a letter, there is no sound to it, and in transcriptions, no Latin letter is used, only an apostrophe. What the hamza indicates is a pausal stop in the pronunciation. No sound, simply a little stop. However, the hamza is no big obstacle for the Arabic student. Few Arabs emphasize the hamza when they speak themselves.

     

     


    Examples and Grammar

    qadhafa- to shoot; throw; ejaculate. Here you see in practice what letters that only can be written in one out of two forms, behave.
    fakka- untie; loosen. This has been presented here before — double letter written as it was one.


    dar'- protection. Here you see the hamza, and how it appears. Note that the hamza can be written in several different ways. In most instances you will see it with a "hamza carrier", that is either 'alif, ww or y' with a hamza floating above this. In this example it appears without, but you will soon enough see plenty of examples of "hamza carriers". This is slightly complicated, but do as you must at this level: Learn by heart, and leave difficult grammar for later.


    firaq- teams or farq- difference. This is one of very few words, where short vowels would have been useful. Both these are written in the same way, even if one is plural and the other singular. But you will have to read the real meaning out of the context, and from there remember the correct pronunciation.


    ghurfa- room. Note the finishing tā' marbūta, indicating the feminine, but which is unpronounced.
    zāra- to visit. One more of those words where one letter changes to another. You should be getting used to these by now.

     

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    The Holy Quran Quotes
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    Prayer (Salat) is the most important practice in Islam. Allah has ordered the Muslims to be mindful of it. The Holy Qur'an says:"Guard strictly your prayers, especially the Middle Prayer, and stand before Allah with all devotion.

    (Al-Baqarah, 2:238)

     

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